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УДК 537

Three insidious errors of the theory of electricity

 

Three insidious mistakes have crept into the theory of electricity, turning electricity into a riddle that the best minds of mankind still cannot solve.

The first mistake is so insidious that the best minds of mankind state: "this cannot be."

Meanwhile, maybe. The currents do not run inside the conductors, but around them.

The second error follows from the first, because inside the conductors not currents are formed, but free electrons that form resistance for conduction currents.

The third error is the fact that conduction currents are carried out not only by electrons, but also by positrons.

All three errors are discovered with the correct reading of the famous experience of Faraday, where he, through an inductor and a magnet moving in it, received an induction current.

A correct reading of the Faraday experience involves:

1. Faraday received an alternating current carried out by opposite charges.

2. Since there are no other charges inside the conductors, except for mobile electrons and stationary ions, therefore, electron and positron currents, like conduction currents, can propagate only around conductors.

3. When the conductor is cooled to a critically low temperature, free electrons take their places in atoms, that is, free electrons disappear, forming (without Cooper pairs) superconductivity of the conduction current.

4. When a positron current is applied to the junction and propagates around the p – n junction from plus to minus, the positron flux attracts the free electrons of the blocking layer and moves them to the n region where they fill holes. As a result, the barrier layer disappears, and the positrons move freely through the p – n junction.

The modern theory of electricity, besides the three mentioned errors, has many other errors.

So, the charges, which we call electric, are actually electromagnetic, because these charges generate both electric and magnetic fields that are perpendicular to each other, and which are easily explained by the magnetism of currents.

In addition, electrons and positrons, which form conduction currents, are quanta of electromagnetic energy, the lifetime of which is equal to the lifetime of the generators that generate them. So "short-lived" positrons are not at all those positrons that form conduction currents.

 In fact, between opposite charges in metal conductors, there is a conductor with zero charge. And it is this conductor with zero charge that is the central element of electricity, without which no current will run anywhere because the difference in electrical potentials between the zero charge of the conductor and the negative (or positive) charge of the current source forms the force of movement of charges in the circuit, forms EMF, and no third-party forces are not required for this.

These are the main provisions of the theory of currents that we use, and which are generated by thermal, hydraulic and nuclear power plants.

 

Details can be seen: The new concept of electricity. http://tverd4.narod.ru/88.html

 

Literature

  1. Faraday M. Selected work on electricity. - M.-L.: GONTI

  2. Fedyukin V.K. Not superconductivity of electric current, but super magnetization of materials. http://window.edu.ru/resource/138/53138/files/Fedukin2.pdf

 

 

 

УДК 537

 

Три коварные ошибки теории электричества

 

В теории электричества закрались три коварные ошибки, превратившие электричество в загадку, которую лучшие умы человечества до сих пор не могут разгадать.

Первая ошибка до того коварна, что лучшие умы человечества констатируют: «этого не может быть».    

Между тем, может. Токи бегут не внутри проводников, а вокруг них.

Вторая ошибка вытекает из первой, ибо внутри проводников формируются не токи, а свободные электроны, образующие сопротивление для токов проводимости.

Третья ошибка – это тот факт, что токи проводимости осуществляются не только электронами, но и позитронами. 

Все три ошибки открываются при правильном прочтении знаменитого опыта Фарадея, где он, посредством катушки индуктивности и движущегося в ней магнита, получил индукционный ток.

Правильное прочтение опыта Фарадея предполагает:

1. Фарадей получил переменный ток, осуществляемый противоположными зарядами.

2. Так как внутри проводников, кроме подвижных электронов и неподвижных ионов, других зарядов нет, то, стало быть, электронные и позитронные токи, как токи проводимости, могут распространяться только вокруг проводников.

3. Когда проводник охлаждают до критически низкой температуры, свободные электроны занимают свои места в атомах, то есть свободные электроны исчезают, формируя (без куперовских пар) сверхпроводимость тока проводимости.

4. Когда на p-n переход подаётся прямой ток, означающий, что на переход подается позитронный ток, распространяющийся вокруг p–n перехода от плюса к минусу, то позитронный поток притягивает к себе свободные электроны запирающего слоя и перемещает их в n область, где они заполняют дырки. В результате чего запирающий слой исчезает, и позитроны свободно движутся через p–n переход.   

Современная теория электричества, кроме трёх названных ошибок, имеет ещё множество других ошибок.

Так, заряды, которые мы называем электрическими, на самом деле являются электромагнитными, потому, что эти заряды генерируют одновременно электрические и магнитные поля, которые перпендикулярны друг к другу, и которые без труда объясняют магнетизм токов.

 К тому же, электроны и позитроны, формирующие токи проводимости, являются квантами электромагнитной энергии, время жизни которых равно времени жизни электромеханических генераторов, их генерирующих. Так что «короткоживущие» позитроны – это совсем не те позитроны, которые формируют токи проводимости.

И ещё одна ошибочка случилась в современной теории электричества, где сложилось мнение, что кулоновские силы действуют только между зарядами. На самом же деле, между разноимёнными зарядами в металлических проводниках существует проводник с нулевым зарядом. И именно этот проводник с нулевым зарядом является центральным элементом электричества, без которого никакой ток никуда не побежит потому, что разность электрических потенциалов между нулевым зарядом проводника и отрицательным (или положительным) зарядом источника тока формирует в цепи силу движения зарядов, формирует ЭДС,  и никаких сторонних сил для этого не требуется. 

Таковы основные положения теории токов, которыми мы пользуемся, и которые генерируются тепловыми, гидравлическими и атомными электростанциями.

 

   

Подробности можно посмотреть: Новая концепция электричества.  http://tverd4.narod.ru/88.html

 

Литература

  1.  Фарадей М. Избранные работы по электричеству. — М.-Л.: ГОНТИ

  2.   Федюкин В.К. Не сверхпроводимость электрического тока, а сверхнамагничиваемость материалов. http://window.edu.ru/resource/138/53138/files/Fedukin2.pdf

Orphus

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Three insidious errors of the theory of electricity // Dushanbe: Digital Library of Tajikistan (LIBRARY.TJ). Updated: 23.07.2020. URL: https://library.tj/m/articles/view/Three-insidious-errors-of-the-theory-of-electricity (date of access: 06.08.2020).

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