Three insidious mistakes have crept into the theory of electricity, turning electricity into a riddle that the best minds of mankind still cannot solve.
This note proves that currents in metal conductors do not propagate inside the conductors, but around them.
For the first time, this revolutionary idea was expressed by Fedyukin Veniamin Konstantinovich, Doctor of Technical Sciences: “the current of electric energy is not the movement of electrons, the carriers of electricity are an intense electromagnetic field that propagates not inside, but mainly outside the conductor” (2).
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Such is the brief background of the fact that the photon was called the quantum of the electromagnetic wave.
And it suited everyone until a half-educated philosopher arrived, who said: gentlemen, let the photon have neither electric nor magnetic charge, and therefore it cannot form the configuration of the electromagnetic wave, where the electric and magnetic components are perpendicular to each other and wave propagation vector. Moreover, this philosopher said that he made a discovery by inventing such a design of an electron and a positron that generates exactly the perpendiculars that are observed in electromagnetic waves.
No one doubts the existence of the electronic current, and there is no need to prove it, although the theory of alternating current, based on the assumption that electrons can run in one direction and then in the reverse direction, is clearly erroneous and requires a refutation.
To prove the existence of a positron current, it is sufficient to pass the current rectified by the semiconductor bridge through the frame of the magnetoelectric galvanometer in one direction and then in the opposite direction.
Both currents will deflect the arrow towards the south pole of the magnet, which corresponds to the charge of the positron.
These errors of the modern theory of electricity are connected with the fact that only now physical science, and first of all, quantum physics, began to clarify the nature of the charges of electrons and positrons.
It turned out that there are no specific electric charges in nature, because an electron - by 2/3 of its volume - is a magnetic dipole of the north pole, called a minus, and a positron is a magnetic dipole of the south pole, called a plus. Each charge generates 1/3 of the volume of the magnetic induction of the opposite pole.
Moreover, a larger magnetic charge is considered an electric charge, and a smaller magnetic charge is considered to be the magnetic component of the charges, which, when current flows in the conductor, generates speraloid lines of magnetic induction.
These errors of the modern theory of electricity can be identified if we consider the operation of alternators with a grounded neutral conductor, as is done in all industrial electrical installations.
It is known that the Earth's surface has a negative potential, in contrast to the ionosphere, which has a positive potential.
The alternator generates the propagation of electrons from the negative potential of the Earth to the zero potential of the conductor.
But in the opposite direction, that is, from the zero potential of the conductor to the negative potential of the Earth, electrons cannot propagate, due to the lack of potential difference between the Earth and electrons.
For centuries, scientists have been preoccupied with the search for a reference frame in the Universe that could unambiguously determine, for example, the Earth revolves around the Sun, or vice versa.
Neither the Ptolemy system nor the Copernican system possess such uniqueness.
Kepler’s laws also do not clarify this issue.
Einstein's theory of relativity suggests the equality of both points of view.
But for many researchers, the question remained open.
And finally, uniqueness, as if, appeared.
Uniqueness is formed by the difference of gravitational potentials
Я люблю историю этого салата. Видимо, создателем знаменитого салата был Цезарь Кардини, или, по крайней мере, именно в его ресторане салат можно было съесть впервые.