This note proves that currents in metal conductors do not propagate inside the conductors, but around them.
For the first time, this revolutionary idea was expressed by Fedyukin Veniamin Konstantinovich, Doctor of Technical Sciences: “the current of electric energy is not the movement of electrons, the carriers of electricity are an intense electromagnetic field that propagates not inside, but mainly outside the conductor” (2).
Such is the brief background of the fact that the photon was called the quantum of the electromagnetic wave.
And it suited everyone until a half-educated philosopher arrived, who said: gentlemen, let the photon have neither electric nor magnetic charge, and therefore it cannot form the configuration of the electromagnetic wave, where the electric and magnetic components are perpendicular to each other and wave propagation vector. Moreover, this philosopher said that he made a discovery by inventing such a design of an electron and a positron that generates exactly the perpendiculars that are observed in electromagnetic waves.
No one doubts the existence of the electronic current, and there is no need to prove it, although the theory of alternating current, based on the assumption that electrons can run in one direction and then in the reverse direction, is clearly erroneous and requires a refutation.
To prove the existence of a positron current, it is sufficient to pass the current rectified by the semiconductor bridge through the frame of the magnetoelectric galvanometer in one direction and then in the opposite direction.
Both currents will deflect the arrow towards the south pole of the magnet, which corresponds to the charge of the positron.
These errors of the modern theory of electricity are connected with the fact that only now physical science, and first of all, quantum physics, began to clarify the nature of the charges of electrons and positrons.
It turned out that there are no specific electric charges in nature, because an electron - by 2/3 of its volume - is a magnetic dipole of the north pole, called a minus, and a positron is a magnetic dipole of the south pole, called a plus. Each charge generates 1/3 of the volume of the magnetic induction of the opposite pole.
Moreover, a larger magnetic charge is considered an electric charge, and a smaller magnetic charge is considered to be the magnetic component of the charges, which, when current flows in the conductor, generates speraloid lines of magnetic induction.
These errors of the modern theory of electricity can be identified if we consider the operation of alternators with a grounded neutral conductor, as is done in all industrial electrical installations.
It is known that the Earth's surface has a negative potential, in contrast to the ionosphere, which has a positive potential.
The alternator generates the propagation of electrons from the negative potential of the Earth to the zero potential of the conductor.
But in the opposite direction, that is, from the zero potential of the conductor to the negative potential of the Earth, electrons cannot propagate, due to the lack of potential difference between the Earth and electrons.
For centuries, scientists have been preoccupied with the search for a reference frame in the Universe that could unambiguously determine, for example, the Earth revolves around the Sun, or vice versa.
Neither the Ptolemy system nor the Copernican system possess such uniqueness.
Kepler’s laws also do not clarify this issue.
Einstein's theory of relativity suggests the equality of both points of view.
But for many researchers, the question remained open.
And finally, uniqueness, as if, appeared.
Uniqueness is formed by the difference of gravitational potentials
Quantum theory claims that vacuum is not an absolute void, but a sea of virtual particles. And even those particles that are born at colliders are already particles “wrapped” in a virtual fur coat.
In our opinion, this coat is formed by the gravitational field of the Earth. And most of the particles that make up gravitational fields are particles with the smallest mass of all particles called a graviton.
Higgs Field is a gravitational field.
The Higgs boson is a graviton.
In macroscopic reality, gravity is determined by mass.
In microscopic reality, where the particle mass is practically zero, the rotational form of gravity acts.
The rotational form of gravity is formed by means of rotating microparticles, which spin gravitational spheres around themselves, which, as in a whirlpool, attract microparticles to each other.
A new theory of electricity is needed, first of all, because the modern theory of electricity is built on a conduction current that does not exist in nature.
And this paradox is obvious even to schoolchildren who observe currents with negative and positive charges on oscilloscopes.
The modern theory of electricity is not able to clearly explain many of the mysteries of electricity.
This article explains some of the mysteries that the modern theory of electricity could not explain.
The author of the article did not encounter a single source on the Meissner-Oxenfeld effect, where the version that this effect is explained by the presence of eddy currents in superconducting ceramics would be questioned.
But, in the opinion of the author of the article, ceramics in such a state are surrounded by such gravitational fields, which, when cooled, turn into gravimagnetic fields, which, together with the gravimagnetic fields of the Earth, pull all the magnetic fields from the ceramics body.
Two hundred years ago, Faraday received a current with negative and positive charges, which is distributed in the layer of ether adjacent to the conductor. The one who does not know this is not worth going into the theory of electricity.
The discovery is based on the realization that in the theory of electricity there is no extraneous force, instead of which an electromotive force acts, formed by the difference in electrical potentials, between the zero potential of the conductor and the negative (or positive) potential of the current source.
This difference in electrical potentials creates in the circuit the force of motion of the charges.
The difference of electric potentials creates a force, which may well be called Coulomb force. And then it is not clear why it was necessary to invent an outside force.
According to our hypothesis, the conversion of electrons and positrons into each other occurs by replacing the charge motion vector with the opposite vector.
This is explained by the fact that all elements of the electron's magnetoelectric system are opposite to all elements of the positron's magnetoelectric system. And this opposite is determined by the vector of their movement in space.
Therefore, it is only necessary to change the motion vector of one of the charges to the opposite vector, so immediately this charge turns into its antipode.
I wrote this article when I was 33, and I, who did not understand anything in physics, but who had logical thinking, were outraged by those alogisms and paradoxes that flowed from Einstein’s logic of relativity theory.
But it was criticism at the level of emotions.
Now, when I began to think a little bit in physics, and when I discovered the law of the difference of gravitational potentials, and based on it I built a five-dimensional frame of reference, it is now possible to prove the inaccuracy of Einstein’s theory of relativity at the level of physical laws.
The world ether is filled with gravitons.
A positron rotating in the ether twists around itself graviton spheres, which increase its mass and turn it into a proton.
The graviton spheres of the positron attract an electron to it, giving rise to a neutron.
A proton, having lost some of its rotational energy, with its atomic graviton spheres - (unlike nuclear graviton spheres, which attract an electron to a proton, turning it into a neutron) - attracts an electron to itself, turning it into a hydrogen atom.